A robot is an automatically guided machine which is able to do tasks on its own, almost always due to electronically-programmed instructions. Mobile robots have the capability to move around in their environment and are not fixed to one physical location. Oil pipeline crawling robot is an example of a mobile robot which aims to inspect a cylindrical uneven surface (inside diameter adjustable) within no time and has facility to clean up the pipes. This project shows the development of robot designed for inside locomotion of uneven surface but specialized for dynamical, high-speed motion of a uniformly convex cylindrical structure, such as an underground oil pipelines. This robot, the oil pipeline crawling—includes several novel mechanical features, including novel linkage designs for its chassis and power transmission to enable high-speed crawling. The behavioral gait of the robot employs the mechanical design to propel the body forward while maintaining stability during crawling locomotion. The robot’s general-purpose design coupled with its specialized ability to quickly Move inside the pipe with minimal energy consumption suggest potential applications including search and surveillance operations as well as ad hoc networking.
Here we design an RF based control system to control Robot. The signal get generated and transmitted with the help of antenna, provided on it. Now the receiving section which will be already installed on the robot will receive the signals and send the received signals to the motor driver, on the basis of which motor driver will drive the robot and robot move inside the pipe cleaning the pipe with planted brush.